|Information||High Output 18V Tolerant RS-485/RS-422 +5V Transceivers|
|Supported Protocols||RS-422, RS-485|
|Supply Voltage (Nom) (V)||5|
|No. of Tx||1|
|No. of Rx||1|
|HBM ESD (kV)||15|
|IEC 61000-4-2 Contact (±kV)||8|
|Fault Tolerance (V)||-18 to 18|
|Temperature Range (°C)||-40 to 85|
|Data Rate (MAX) (Mbps)||1|
|Transient Tolerance (V)||-70 to 70|
|ICC (Max) (mA)||0.6|
|Typ Shutdown Current (µA)||1nA|
|PROFIBUS (5V) or High Output (3V)||✔|
The XR3080-88X family of high performance RS-485/422 devices are designed for improved performance in noisy industrial environments and increased tolerance to system faults.
The analog bus pins can survive direct shorts up to ±18V, and are protected against ESD events up to ±15kV. The Profibus compliant differential output delivers 40% higher SNR than standard RS-485/422 devices, affording additional noise margin or extended cable lengths.
The receivers include full fail-safe circuitry, guaranteeing a logic-high receiver output when the receiver inputs are open, shorted, or undriven. The receiver input impedance is at minimum 96kΩ (1/8 unit load), allowing up to 256 devices on the bus while preserving the full signal margin.
The drivers are protected by short circuit detection as well as thermal shutdown, and maintain high impedance in shutdown or when powered off. The XR3080-85X drivers are slew limited for reduced EMI and error-free communication over long or unterminated data cables.
The devices with DE and RE pins include hot swap circuitry to prevent false transitions on the bus during powerup or live insertion, and can enter a 1nA low current shutdown mode for extreme power savings.
The transceivers draw less than 600µA from a +5.0V supply, and typically only 300µA when idling with the receivers active.
- 40% Higher SNR (Signal-to-Noise Ratio) compared to other RS-485 devices (2.1V vs. 1.5V)
- ±18V Fault Tolerance on Analog Bus pins
- 2.1V Driver Output (Profibus Compliant)
- Robust ESD (ElectroStatic Discharge) Protection:
- ±15kV IEC 61000-4-2 Air Gap Discharge
- ±8kV IEC 61000-4-2 Contact Discharge
- ±15kV Human Body Model
- ±4kV Human Body Model on non-bus pins
- +4.5V to +5.5V Operation (5V ±10%)
- 300µA Idle Current, 1nA Shutdown Current
- Enhanced Receiver Fail-Safe Protection for Open, Shorted, or Terminated but Idle Data Lines
- Hot-Swap Glitch Protection on DE and RE Pins
- Driver Short Circuit Current Limit and Thermal Shutdown for Overload Protection
- 1/8th Unit Load Allows up to 256 Devices on Bus
- Industry Standard 8 and 14 NSOIC Packages
- Related Products with ±2KV EFT (MxL83101, MxL83102).
- Motor Control
- Security Systems
- Building and Process Automation
- Remote Utility Meter Reading
- Energy Monitoring and Control
- Long or Unterminated Transmission Lines
- Profibus DP Fieldbus Networks
Documentation & Design Tools
|Data Sheets||XR3080-88X High Output 18V Tolerant RS-485/RS-422 +5V Transceivers||1.0.2||November 2015||828.9 KB|
|Application Notes||AN-291, RS-485 Advanced Fail-Safe Feature||01||May 2023||3.7 MB|
|Application Notes||DAN-190, MaxLinear UARTs in RS-485 Applications||2||December 2022||2.3 MB|
|Application Notes||RS-232 and RS-485 PCB Layout Application Note||R00||December 2022||2.8 MB|
|Application Notes||AN-292, RS-485 Cable Lengths vs Data Signaling Rate||R01||July 2022||2.7 MB|
|Product Brochures||Interface Brochure||June 2023||3.7 MB|
Quality & RoHS
Parts & Purchasing
|Part Number||Pkg Code||Min Temp||Max Temp||Status||Suggested Replacement||Buy Now||Order Samples||PDN|
Active - the part is released for sale, standard product.
EOL (End of Life) - the part is no longer being manufactured, there may or may not be inventory still in stock.
CF (Contact Factory) - the part is still active but customers should check with the factory for availability. Longer lead-times may apply.
PRE (Pre-introduction) - the part has not been introduced or the part number is an early version available for sample only.
OBS (Obsolete) - the part is no longer being manufactured and may not be ordered.
NRND (Not Recommended for New Designs) - the part is not recommended for new designs.
FAQs & Support
Search our list of FAQs for answers to common technical questions.
For material content, environmental, quality and reliability questions review the Quality tab or visit our Quality page.
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Submit a Technical Support Question As a New Question
For RS-232 it is 50 feet (15 meters), or the cable length equal to a capacitance of 2500 pF, at a maximum transmission rate of 19.2kbps. When we reduce the baud rate, it allows for longer cable length. For Example:
Baud Rate (bps)
Maximum RS-232 Cable Length (ft)
Fail Safe is an attempt to keep the output of the RS-485 receiver to a known state. Transceivers may have standard fail safe or advanced / enhanced receiver fail safe features. Standard fail safe supports open inputs while enhanced fail safe transceivers such as the SP339 and XR34350 support open input, shorted input and undriven terminated lines without external biasing. See Application Note ANI-22 for more detail.
The Parts & Purchasing section of the product page shows the Status of all orderable part numbers for that product. Click Show obsolete parts, to see all EOL or OBS products.
No, the maximum fault tolerance of the above devices is ±18V only. However, the XR3305x and XR3315x families DO support up to ±60V fault tolerance. To find the device in the XR3305x and XR3315x families with the configuration you are looking for, use the parametric search https://www.exar.com/products/interface/serial-transceivers/rs485-422. The Fault Tolerance column is on the right side of the table. See the filters on the left for device selection. See Application Note ANI-23 https://www.exar.com/ani-23.pdf for more on fault testing of these devices.
For any voltage above ±60V, refer to diode manufacturers, such as the Bourns RS-485 transient protection for example below, for an external diode to absorb the transient or surge voltage for protection.
RS-485 Transceivers - Advance vs. Standard Failsafe
MaxLinear offers RS-485 transceivers with both standard and advanced receiver failsafe features. This video will show the main differences and advantages between advanced failsafe receivers and standard failsafe receivers in a typical RS485 installation.
Tips to Maintain a Successful RS-485 Link
This video provides four tips to help maintain RS-485 serial communication without data loss