XR16V654

2.25V to 3.6V Quad UART with 64-Byte FIFO

Overview

Information 2.25V to 3.6V Quad UART with 64-Byte FIFO
Data Bus Interface Intel, Motorola
Max Data Rate 5V (Mbps) na
Max Data Rate 3.3V (Mbps) 16
Max Data Rate 2.5V (Mbps) 12.5
Max Data Rate 1.8V (Mbps) na
Tx FIFO (Bytes) 64
Rx FIFO (Bytes) 64
Auto Flow Control
Auto RS-485 Half-Duplex Control
Multidrop (9-bit) Mode
Fractional Baud Rate Generator
Power Down Mode
Supply Voltage Range VCC (V) 2.25 to 3.63
Auto RTS/CTS
FIFO Level Counters
Selectable/ Programable Trigger Levels S
IrDA Sup
5V Tolerant Inputs
Max UART/GPIO Input Voltage (V) 5.5
Max UART/GPIO Output Voltage (V) VCC
Package LQFP-64, QFN-48
Temperature Range (°C) -40 to 85
# of Channels 4
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The XR16V6541 (V654) is an enhanced quad Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter (UART) each with 64 bytes of transmit and receive FIFOs, programmable transmit and receive FIFO trigger levels, automatic hardware and software flow control, and data rates of up to 16 Mbps at 4X sampling rate. Each UART has a set of registers that provide the user with operating status and control, receiver error indications, and modem serial interface controls. An internal loopback capability allows onboard diagnostics. The V654 is available in a 48-pin QFN, 64-pin LQFP, 68-pin PLCC, 80-pin LQFP and 100-pin QFP packages. The 64-pin and 80-pin packages only offer the 16 mode interface, but the 48, 68 and 100 pin packages offer an additional 68 mode interface which allows easy integration with Motorola processors. The XR16V654IV (64-pin) offers three state interrupt output while the XR16V654DIV provides continuous interrupt output. The 100 pin package provides additional FIFO status outputs (TXRDY# and RXRDY# A-D), separate infrared transmit data outputs (IRTX A-D) and channel C external clock input (CHCCLK). The XR16V654 is compatible with the industry standard ST16C554 and ST16C654/654D.

1Covered by U.S. Patent #5,649,122.


  • Pin-to-pin compatible with ST16C454, ST16C554, TI’s TL16C754B and Philips' SC16C654B
  • Intel or Motorola Data Bus Interface select
  • Four independent UART channels
  • Register Set Compatible to 16C550
  • Data rates of up to 16 Mbps
  • 64 Byte Transmit FIFO
  • 64 Byte Receive FIFO with error tags
  • 4 Selectable TX and RX FIFO Trigger Levels
  • Automatic Hardware (RTS/CTS) Flow Control
  • Automatic Software (Xon/Xoff) Flow Control
  • Progammable Xon/Xoff characters
  • Wireless Infrared (IrDA 1.0) Encoder/Decoder
  • Full modem interface
  • 2.25V to 3.6V supply operation
  • Sleep Mode with automatic wake-up
  • Crystal oscillator or external clock input
  • Pb-Free, RoHS Compliant Versions Offered

  • Portable Appliances
  • Telecommunication Network Routers
  • Ethernet Network Routers
  • Cellular Data Devices
  • Factory Automation and Process Controls

Documentation & Design Tools

Type Title Version Date File Size
Data Sheets XR16V654/654D 2.25V to 3.6V Quad UART with 64-Byte FIFO 1.0.1 May 2007 1.1 MB
Application Notes AN-204, UART Sleep Mode 1.0.0 June 2010 515.8 KB
Application Notes DAN-189, MaxLinear UARTs in GPS Applications 1.0.0 April 2008 139 KB
User Guides & Manuals XR16M654_ Evaluation Board User's Manual 1 April 2009 114.9 KB
Schematics & Design Files PCI Eval Board Schematic 1.1.0 April 2009 212.8 KB
Schematics & Design Files ISA Eval Board Schematic 1.1.0 September 2007 187.4 KB
Software: Drivers Linux 2.6.13 1.0.0 December 2009 10.8 KB
Software: Drivers Linux 2.6.18 1.0.0 December 2009 12.1 KB
Software: Drivers Windows XP & 2000 1.3.0.0 December 2009 61 KB
Product Brochures Interface Brochure October 2019 1.3 MB
Simulation Models
Package Type Vcc Temp Mode Version File
PLCC 2.5V Industrial Intel 1
PLCC 2.5V Industrial Motorola 2
PLCC 3.3V Industrial Intel 1
PLCC 3.3V Industrial Motorola 2
QFN 2.5V Industrial Intel 1
QFN 2.5V Industrial Motorola 1
QFN 3.3V Industrial Intel 1
QFN 3.3V Industrial Motorola 1
QFP 2.5V Industrial Intel 1
QFP 2.5V Industrial Motorola 2
QFP 3.3V Industrial Intel 1
QFP 3.3V Industrial Motorola 2
LQFP 2.5V Industrial Intel 1
LQFP 3.3V Industrial Intel 1
LQFP 2.5V Industrial Intel 1
LQFP 3.3V Industrial Intel 1
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Quality & RoHS

Part Number RoHS | Exempt RoHS Halogen Free REACH TSCA MSL Rating / Peak Reflow Package
XR16V654IL-F N Y Y Y Y QFN48 7x7 Y
XR16V654IV-F N Y Y Y Y LQFP64 Y

Click on the links above to download the Certificate of Non-Use of Hazardous Substances.

Additional Quality Documentation may be available, please Contact Support.

Parts & Purchasing

Part Number Pkg Code Min Temp Max Temp Status Suggested Replacement Buy Now Order Samples PDN
XR16V654IJ-F PLCC68 -40 85 OBS XR16V554IJ-F
XR16V654IJTR-F PLCC68 -40 85 OBS XR16V554IJ-F
XR16V654IL-F QFN48 7x7 -40 85 Active Order
XR16V654ILTR-F QFN48 7x7 -40 85 OBS XR16V554IL-F
XR16V654IQ-F MQFP100 14x20 -40 85 OBS ST16C654IQ100-F
XR16V654IQTR-F MQFP100 14x20 -40 85 OBS ST16C654IQ100-F
XR16V654IV LQFP64 -40 85 OBS
XR16V654IV80-F LQFP80 12x12 -40 85 OBS XR16V654IV-F
XR16V654IV80TR-F LQFP80 12x12 -40 85 OBS XR16V654IV80-F
XR16V654IV-F LQFP64 -40 85 Active Order
XR16V654IVTR-F LQFP64 -40 85 OBS XR16V654IV-F
Show obsolete parts
Part Status Legend
Active - the part is released for sale, standard product.
EOL (End of Life) - the part is no longer being manufactured, there may or may not be inventory still in stock.
CF (Contact Factory) - the part is still active but customers should check with the factory for availability. Longer lead-times may apply.
PRE (Pre-introduction) - the part has not been introduced or the part number is an early version available for sample only.
OBS (Obsolete) - the part is no longer being manufactured and may not be ordered.
NRND (Not Recommended for New Designs) - the part is not recommended for new designs.

Packaging

Pkg Code Details Quantities Dimensions PDF
LQFP64
  • JEDEC Reference: MO-026
  • MSL Pb-Free: L3 @ 260ºC
  • MSL SnPb Eutectic: n/a
  • ThetaJA: 50.0ºC/W
  • Bulk Pack Style: Tray
  • Quantity per Bulk Pack: 160
  • Quantity per Reel: 1000
  • Quantity per Tube: n/a
  • Quantity per Tray: 160
  • Reel Size (Dia. x Width x Pitch): 330 x 24 x 16
  • Tape & Reel Unit Orientation: Quadrant 2
  • Dimensions: mm
  • Length: 10.00
  • Width: 10.00
  • Thickness: 1.60
  • Lead Pitch: 0.50
LQFP80 12x12
  • JEDEC Reference: MS-026
  • MSL Pb-Free: L3 @ 260°C
  • MSL SnPb Eutectic: n/a
  • ThetaJA: 41ºC/W
  • Bulk Pack Style: Tray
  • Quantity per Bulk Pack: n/a
  • Quantity per Reel: 1000
  • Quantity per Tube: n/a
  • Quantity per Tray: 119
  • Reel Size (Dia. x Width x Pitch): 330 x 24 x 20
  • Tape & Reel Unit Orientation: Pin 1 at sprocket hole.
  • Dimensions: mm
  • Length: 12.00
  • Width: 12.00
  • Thickness: 1.60
  • Lead Pitch: 0.50
MQFP100 14x20
  • JEDEC Reference: MS-022
  • MSL Pb-Free: L3 @ 250°C
  • MSL SnPb Eutectic: n/a
  • ThetaJA: 45ºC/W
  • Bulk Pack Style: Tray
  • Quantity per Bulk Pack: n/a
  • Quantity per Reel: 500
  • Quantity per Tube: n/a
  • Quantity per Tray: 66
  • Reel Size (Dia. x Width x Pitch): 330 x 44 x 24
  • Tape & Reel Unit Orientation: Quadrant 1
  • Dimensions: mm
  • Length: 14.00
  • Width: 20.00
  • Thickness: 3.40
  • Lead Pitch: 0.65
PLCC68
  • JEDEC Reference: MS-018
  • MSL Pb-Free: L3 @ 245ºC
  • MSL SnPb Eutectic: n/a
  • ThetaJA: 29.0ºC/W
  • Bulk Pack Style: Tube
  • Quantity per Bulk Pack: 19
  • Quantity per Reel: 250
  • Quantity per Tube: 19
  • Quantity per Tray: n/a
  • Reel Size (Dia. x Width x Pitch): 330 x 44 x 32
  • Tape & Reel Unit Orientation: Pin 1 at sprocket hole.
  • Dimensions: mm
  • Length: 24.23
  • Width: 24.23
  • Thickness: 4.57
  • Lead Pitch: 1.27
QFN48 7x7
  • JEDEC Reference: MO-220
  • MSL Pb-Free: L3 @ 260ºC
  • MSL SnPb Eutectic: n/a
  • ThetaJA: 30.2ºC/W
  • Bulk Pack Style: Tray
  • Quantity per Bulk Pack: n/a
  • Quantity per Reel: 2500
  • Quantity per Tube: n/a
  • Quantity per Tray: 260
  • Reel Size (Dia. x Width x Pitch): 330 x 16 x 12
  • Tape & Reel Unit Orientation: Pin 1 at sprocket hole.
  • Dimensions: mm
  • Length: 7.00
  • Width: 7.00
  • Thickness: 1.00
  • Lead Pitch: 0.50

Notifications

Distribution Date Description File
02/17/2022 MaxLinear is announcing the consolidation of bottom side marking information with the top side to improve manufacturing efficiency for the parts noted above.
11/08/2021 MaxLinear will be modifying the marking on the devices noted above from current ink process to new process of laser marking.
10/01/2020 PCN 19018A Addendum: This PCN has been cancelled. There will be and has been no changes to the marking of these products since PCN 19018 was announced on 11/20/2019.
11/20/2019 MaxLinear will be modifying the marking on each of the affected products noted in the table above. The backside marking will be eliminated, while adding the lot number to the topside marking.
12/12/2018 Product Discontinuation Notice
04/12/2017 Qualification of alternate assembly subcon, ANST, China.
01/04/2017 Qualification of alternate assembly subcon, ANST.
07/29/2016 Qualification of alternate assembly subcon, Greatek, Taiwan.
07/26/2016 Product discontinuation notification. Discontinued.
11/05/2015 Updated information subsequent to original published PCN 13-0834-03 on 04/02/2014. ASE Malaysia as alternate assembly site Addition of qualified alternate assembly site of 28, 44, 68L PLCC packaged products.
04/02/2014 Qualified UTAC Thailand for assembly using copper wire or gold wire bonding assembly, in addition to the current qualified gold wire bonding assembly sites, Unisem Batam and UTAC China. Material change and alternate assembly site.
04/02/2014 Qualification of ASE Malaysia for assembly of 28, 44, 68L PLCC packaged products. Alternate assembly site.
12/05/2013 Addition of an alternate qualified assembly site, ASE Chung-Li (Taiwan) for assembly using copper or gold wire bonding. Material change and alternate assembly site.
10/03/2013 Addition of an alternate qualified assembly site, ASE Chung-Li (Taiwan). Material change and alternate assembly site.
10/17/2012 Exar has qualified Millennium Microtech/Thailand as an alternate assembly supplier for 28, 44 and 68 lead PLCC packages in addition to the existing supplier, Unisem/Indonesia. Capacity enhancement

FAQs & Support

Search our list of FAQs for answers to common technical questions.
For material content, environmental, quality and reliability questions review the Quality tab or visit our Quality page.
For ordering information and general customer service visit our Contact Us page.

Submit a Technical Support Question As a New Question

LSR bit-6 is a superset of LSR bit-5. The transmitter consists of a TX FIFO (or THR only when FIFOs are not enabled) and a Transmit Shift Register (TSR). When LSR bit-5 is set, it indicates that the TX FIFO (or THR) is empty, however there may be data in the TSR. When LSR bit-6 is set, it indicates that the transmitter (TX FIFO + TSR) is completely empty.

You can tell by reading LSR bit-5 or bit-6. If they are '0', then the transmit interrupt was generated by the trigger level. If they are '1', then the transmit interrupt was generated by the TX FIFO becoming empty. For enhanced UARTs, you can just read the FIFO level counters.

An RX Data Ready interrupt is generated when the number of bytes in the RX FIFO has reached the RX trigger level. An RX Data Timeout interrupt is generated when the RX input has been idle for 4 character + 12 bits time.

For some UARTs, the RX Data Timeout interrupt has a higher priority and in others, the RX Data Ready interrupt has a higher priority. See the interrupt priority section of the datasheet.

The UART requires a clock and a valid baud rate in order to transmit and receive data. Check that there is a clock signal on the XTAL1 input pin. Also, valid divisors need to be written into the DLL and DLM registers. Most UARTs have random (invalid) values upon power-up.

For most UARTs, the interrupt is generated when the data is ready to be read from the RX FIFO. The are some UARTs that generate the interrupt when the character with the error is received. There are some UARTs that have a register bit to select whether the LSR interrupt is generated immediately or delayed until it is ready to be read.

The UART will enter the sleep mode if the following conditions have been satisfied for all channels:
 
-Sleep Mode is enabled
-No interrupts are pending
-TX and RX FIFOs are empty
-RX input pin is idling HIGH (LOW in IR mode)
-Valid values in DLL and DLM registers
-Modem input pins are idle (MSR bits 3-0=0x0)
 
See AN204, UART Sleep Mode for more information on UART Sleep Mode

The UART will wake-up from sleep mode by any of the following conditions on any channel:
 
-Sleep mode is disabled
-Interrupt is generated
-Data is written into THR
-There is activity on the RX input pin
-There is activity on the modem input pins
 
If the sleep mode is still enabled and all wake-up conditions have been cleared, it will return to the sleep mode.
 
See AN204, UART Sleep Mode for more information on UART Sleep Mode 

There will be no activity on the XTAL2 output.
 
See AN204, UART Sleep Mode for more information on UART Sleep Mode 

For any UART that has the wake-up indicator interrupt, an interrupt will be generated when the UART wakes up even if no other interrupts are enabled.
 
See AN204, UART Sleep Mode for more information on UART Sleep Mode 

No, Auto RTS and Auto CTS are independent. Auto RTS is toggled by the UART receiver. Auto CTS is monitored by the UART Transmitter.

No, Auto RTS and Auto CTS will work normally without the interrupts enabled.

No, software flow control characters are not loaded into the RX FIFO.

Since 2-character software flow control requires that 2 consecutive flow control characters match before data transmission is stopped or resumes, there is less of a chance that data transmission is stopped because one data byte matched a control character.

Auto RS485 Half-Duplex Control feature overrides the Auto RTS flow control feature if both features use the RTS# output pin. Both features can only be used simultaneously if the Auto RS485 control output is not the RTS# output. For some UARTs, the Auto RS485 control output is not the RTS# output.

Most UARTs use RTS#, however the XR16C850 and XR16C864 use the OP1# output as the Auto RS485 control output. In addition to using the RTS# output as the Auto RS485 control output, the XR16L784, XR16L788 and XR16V798 can use the DTR# output as the Auto RS485 control output.

The polarity of the RS485 control output varies from one UART to another. For some UARTs, an inverter may be required. Some of the newer UARTs have register bits that can change that polarity of the RS485 control output.

In the normal mode, the TX interrupt is generated when the TX FIFO is empty, and there may still be data in the Transmit Shift Register. In the RS485 mode, the TX interrupt is generated when the TX FIFO and the TSR register are both empty.

It is recommended that the FIFO counters at the Scratchpad Register location be used. When transmitting or receiving data, writing to the LCR register could result in transmit and/or receive data errors.

Due to the dynamic nature of the FIFO counters, it is recommended that the FIFO counter registers be read until consecutive reads return the same value.

All of the UARTs that have the IR mode supports up to 115.2Kbps as specified in IrDA 1.0. The newer I2C/SPI UARTs can support up to 1.152Mbps as specified in IrDA 1.1.

For external clock frequencies above 24MHz at the XTAL1 input, a 2K pull-up may be necessary to improve the rise times if there are data transmission errors.

Yes, you can daisy-chain it like that, but only up to 2 times (3 UARTs total in the daisy-chain). The UARTs should be as close as possible.

No, it just has to meet the minimum high and low pulse widths.

Yes, if you are using a UART with a fractional baud rate generator. This provides a divisor feature with a granularity of 1/16, allowing for any baud rate to be generated by any clock frequency, standard or non-standard. Click on the parametric search button of the product family page and find the Fractional Baud Rate Generator column which tells which products have this feature.

They crystal oscillator circuitry is recommended for fundamental frequency crystals only. The maximum frequency for crystals with fundamental frequencies is typically 24MHz. Above that frequency, crystals operate at higher harmonics, which will not work with the recommended crystal oscillator circuitry.

No. It is only required for transmitting and receiving data.

The -F suffix indicates ROHS / Green compliance:
https://www.exar.com/quality-assurance-and-reliability/lead-free-program

Visit the product page for the part you are interested in.  The part's status is listed in the Parts & Purchasing section.  You can also view Product Lifecycle and Obsolescence Information including PDNs (Product Discontinuation Notifications).
 
To visit a product page, type the part into the search window on the top of the MaxLinear website.
 
In this example, we searched for XRA1201.  Visit the product page by clicking the part number or visit the orderable parts list by clicking "Orderable Parts". 
 
 
 

 

  

The Parts & Purchasing section of the product page shows the Status of all orderable part numbers for that product.  Click Show obsolete parts, to see all EOL or OBS products.

 
 
 

 

It depends on the baud rate. For example, for a start bit, 8 data bits, no stop bit and 1 stop bit, the maximum baud rate deviation is 4.76%. For more information, see https://www.exar.com/appnote/dan108.pdf

Please check that all the following conditions are satisfied first.

 

  • no interrupts pending (ISR bit-0 = 1)
  • modem inputs are not toggling (MSR bits 0-3 = 0)
  • RX input pin is idling HIGH • divisor (the value in DLL register) is non-zero
  • TX and RX FIFOs are empty

 

Be sure sleep mode bit has been set to 1. If there are multiple UART channels, the sleep conditions must be true for all channels.

 

See more on Sleep Mode in AN204 UART Sleep Mode.

Yes. Note: some devices do have powersave mode. If UART goes into powersave mode, then the registers are not accessible.

 

See more on Sleep Mode in AN204 UART Sleep Mode.

Read LSR register to check whether the UART receives the data or not.

 

  • If LSR value is 0x60, it means that either UART receiver FIFO doesn’t receive the data or the data in receiver FIFO has been read out before the read of LSR.
  • If LSR value is 0x00, it means data is still in the THR (clock doesn’t oscillate to transmit data).
  • If LSR value is 0xFF, it means either UART is in powersave mode or UART is powered off. For those devices with powersave mode, be sure that UARTS are not in powersave mode.

 

 

See more on Sleep Mode in AN204 UART Sleep Mode.

 

  • Check whether the register set can be accessed.
  • Check whether the crystal is oscillating fully.
  • Check whether the data can be transmitted in internal loopback mode.

 

 

See more on Sleep Mode in AN204 UART Sleep Mode.