|Information||Enhanced 1-CH Full-Speed USB UART|
|Data Bus Interface||USB 2.0|
|# of Channels||1|
|Max Data Rate 5V (Mbps)||12|
|Max Data Rate 3.3V (Mbps)||na|
|Tx FIFO (Bytes)||128|
|Rx FIFO (Bytes)||384|
|Auto Flow Control||✔|
|Auto Half-Duplex Control||✔|
|Multidrop (9-bit) Mode||✔|
|Fractional Baud Rate Generator||✔|
|Power Down Mode||✔|
|5V Tolerant Inputs|
|Supply Voltage Range VCC (V)||4.4 to 5.25|
|Max UART/GPIO Input Voltage (V)||5.5|
|Max UART/GPIO Output Voltage (V)||1.6-3.6|
|Temperature Range (°C)||-40 to 85|
The XR21B1411 (B1411) is an enhanced Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter (UART) with a USB interface. The USB interface is fully compliant to Full Speed USB 2.0 specification that supports 12 Mbps USB data transfer rate. The USB interface also supports USB suspend, resume and remote wakeup operations.
The B1411 operates from an internal clock that is programmable to 6, 12, 24 or 48 MHz. Therefore, no external crystal / oscillator is required as in previous generation UARTs. With the fractional baud rate generator, any baud rate up to 12 Mbps can be accurately generated using the internal clock.
The large 128-byte TX FIFO and 384-byte RX FIFO of the B1411 help to optimize the overall data throughput for various applications. The Automatic Transceiver Direction control feature simplifies both the hardware and software for halfduplex RS-485 applications. If required, the multidrop (9-bit) mode with automatic half-duplex transceiver control feature further simplifies typical multidrop RS-485 applications.
The Vendor ID, Product ID, bus-powered mode, self-powered mode, remote wakeup support or maximum power consumption values, as well as default baud rate settings can be programmed using the on-board OTP through the USBD+ / USBD- pins.
The B1411 operates from a single 5V power supply and is available in a 16-pin QFN package.
Software drivers for Windows 2000, XP, Vista, 7, 8, and CE, as well as Linux and Mac are supported for the XR21B1411.
- ±15kV HBM ESD on USBD+/USBD-
- USB 2.0 Compliant Interface
- Supports 12 Mbps USB full-speed data rate
- Supports USB suspend, resume and remote wakeup operations
- Enhanced UART Features
- Data rates up to 12 Mbps
- Fractional Baud Rate Generator
- 128 byte TX FIFO
- 384 byte RX FIFO
- 7, 8 or 9 data bits
- 1 or 2 stop bits
- Odd, even, mark, space or no parity
- Automatic Hardware (RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR) Flow Control
- Automatic Software (Xon/Xoff) Flow Control
- Multidrop mode
- Auto Transceiver Control
- Half-Duplex mode
- Selectable GPIO or Modem I/O
- Internal 48 MHz clock with clock divisors programmable down to 6 MHz
- Single 5V power supply
- 16-pin QFN package
- Virtual COM Port Drivers
- Windows 2000, XP, Vista, 7, and 8
- Windows CE 4.2, 5.0, 6.0, and 7.0
- Portable Appliances
- External Converters (Dongles)
- Battery-Operated Devices
- Cellular Data Devices
- Factory Automation and Process Controls
- Industrial Applications
Documentation & Design Tools
|Data Sheets||XR21B1411 Enhanced 1-ch Full-Speed USB UART||1.2.3||May 2023||1.4 MB|
|Application Notes||DAN-190, MaxLinear UARTs in RS-485 Applications||R01||July 2023||2.4 MB|
|Application Notes||AN202, USB UART Board Design Considerations for USB Compliance||R02||June 2023||2.4 MB|
|Application Notes||AN-226, Windows Driver Customization for USB UARTs||R00||February 2020||2.5 MB|
|Application Notes||AN217, Enumerating the XR21B1411 USB UART by Location in Windows||1.0.0||August 2012||127.6 KB|
|Application Notes||AN205, Comparison of the XR21V1410 and the XR21B1411||1.0.0||March 2011||215.8 KB|
|Application Notes||AN213, USB Basics for the MaxLinear Family of USB UARTS||1.0.0||March 2011||107.3 KB|
|User Guides & Manuals||XR21B14xx_XR21V14xx USB UART Design Guide||01||May 2020||2.3 MB|
|Software: GUIs & Utilities||Sample USB UART GUI (Serial Test App)||22.214.171.124||July 2021||1.4 MB|
|Software: GUIs & Utilities||Android Application||1C||November 2015||476.6 KB|
|Product Flyers||Full-Speed USB UART Family||1.1||November 2020||605.3 KB|
|Product Flyers||Enhanced 1-CH Full-Speed USB UART||September 2010||737.5 KB|
|Product Brochures||Interface Brochure||June 2023||3.7 MB|
|Software: Drivers||Windows 10 and newer||126.96.36.199||January 2023||169.2 KB|
|Software: Drivers||Linux 3.6.x and Newer||1D||September 2021||29.9 KB|
|Software: Drivers||Windows 7, 8||188.8.131.52||December 2019||145.7 KB|
|Software: Drivers||XRUSB1 for Win XP SP3 and newer||184.108.40.206||March 2016||1 MB|
|Software: Drivers||Linux 2.6.18 to 3.4.x||1A||January 2015||19.1 KB|
|Software: Drivers||Mac||1.0.4||October 2013||171.3 KB|
|Schematics & Design Files||XR21B1411-0A-EB Evaluation Board Schematics & Design Files||1.0.0||May 2011||676.5 KB|
Quality & RoHS
|Part Number||RoHS | Exempt||RoHS||Halogen Free||REACH||TSCA||MSL Rating / Peak Reflow||Package|
|XR21B1411IL16-F||N||Y||Y||Y||Y||L1 / 260ᵒC||QFN16 3x3|
|XR21B1411IL16TR-F||N||Y||Y||Y||Y||L1 / 260ᵒC||QFN16 3x3|
Click on the links above to download the Certificate of Non-Use of Hazardous Substances.
Parts & Purchasing
|Part Number||Pkg Code||Min Temp||Max Temp||Status||Suggested Replacement||Buy Now||Order Samples||PDN|
Active - the part is released for sale, standard product.
EOL (End of Life) - the part is no longer being manufactured, there may or may not be inventory still in stock.
CF (Contact Factory) - the part is still active but customers should check with the factory for availability. Longer lead-times may apply.
PRE (Pre-introduction) - the part has not been introduced or the part number is an early version available for sample only.
OBS (Obsolete) - the part is no longer being manufactured and may not be ordered.
NRND (Not Recommended for New Designs) - the part is not recommended for new designs.
FAQs & Support
Search our list of FAQs for answers to common technical questions.
For material content, environmental, quality and reliability questions review the Quality tab or visit our Quality page.
For ordering information and general customer service visit our Contact Us page.
Submit a Technical Support Question As a New Question
For some UARTs, Microsoft certified drivers are available for Windows Operating System and can be downloaded via Windows Update. These drivers and others, including for Linux and other Operating Systems can be found by visiting https://www.exar.com/design-tools/software-drivers Please note Software Driver Use Terms.
Click on the version link under Driver Version of the desired type of UART, part number and operating system. A zip file is downloaded which contains a ReadMe file with instructions.Links to datasheets and product family pages are in the software driver table for easy reference.
Find the product page of the part that you want to get an evaluation board for and click on Parts & Purchasing. Example:
Find the icons under Buy Now or Order Samples:
Click on the Buy Now icon and see who has stock and click on the Buy button:
Alternatively, you can click on the Order Samples
If the icons are missing, then contact Customer Support.
The Parts & Purchasing section of the product page shows the Status of all orderable part numbers for that product. Click Show obsolete parts, to see all EOL or OBS products.
1. Native drivers: Native drivers may be found in all major OS such as Windows, Linux, and Max OSX. Typically these drivers will be automatically loaded. In some cases, these are basic drivers and may have limitations on advanced device functionality, however. USB HID, Hub and CDC-ACM drivers are examples of native drivers. The CDC-ACM driver be used with our CDC-ACM class USB UARTs, but has limited functionality.
2. MaxLinear custom drivers: MaxLinear custom drivers may be used to support additional functionality in MaxLinear devices. For example, the MaxLinear custom driver for USB UARTs overcomes the limitations of the native CDC-ACM driver. See https://www.exar.com/design-tools/software-drivers for a list of and access to the drivers that we currently have. In some cases, the MaxLinear driver can also be customized, or source code can be provided after executing a Software License Agreement.
Yes: Go to the product page (XR22804 example below), click on the documentation tab on left, click on “Sample USB UART GUI” under Software:
The following lines of code must be modified in the xr_usb_serial_hal.c file in the xr_usb_serial_set_flow_mode function at the end of the function:
xr_usb_serial_set_reg(xr_usb_serial, xr_usb_serial->reg_map.uart_flow_addr, flow);
xr_usb_serial_set_reg(xr_usb_serial, xr_usb_serial->reg_map.uart_gpio_mode_addr, gpio_mode);
xr_usb_serial_set_reg(xr_usb_serial, xr_usb_serial->reg_map.uart_flow_addr, 0x0);
xr_usb_serial_set_reg(xr_usb_serial, xr_usb_serial->reg_map.uart_gpio_mode_addr, 0x3);
xr_usb_serial_set_reg(xr_usb_serial, xr_usb_serial->reg_map.uart_flow_addr, 0x0);
xr_usb_serial_set_reg(xr_usb_serial, xr_usb_serial->reg_map.uart_gpio_mode_addr, 0xB);
All of MaxLinear / Exar's USB UARTs are CDC class / CDC-ACM compliant, except for XR21B1421 which is an HID class device. This means they can use a native CDC driver. All major OS have native CDC drivers, except Windows prior to Windows 10.
None of the MaxLinear / Exar USB UARTs require their custom driver, however they will have certain limitations when not using it. The native CDC driver is not capable of accessing the internal memory map of any device. As a result, when using the native CDC driver, the device “defaults” to a particular configuration. The main implications of this default configuration are that hardware RTS/CTS flow control is enabled and that other settings / advance settings are not configurable. Some devices, for example the XR21B1411 which has an internal OTP memory, can be programmed to change this default configuration, but the configuration cannot be changed “on the fly”.
MxL UARTs Auto RS-485 Direction Control
This video describes how the automatic RS-485 half-duplex direction control feature in MaxLinear UARTs reduces driver development and frees up CPU/MCU loading. This feature eliminates the need to monitor the status of the UART’s transmit shift register and automatically switches MaxLinear RS-485 transceivers from the transmit mode to the receive mode. This video summarizes the content in application note DAN-190.